If you’re like me and you love vegetables, gardens & trees, sometimes you want to get bugs to stop eating plants. This article will teach you about karanja & neem oil pesticides that are safe and effective for your veggie garden.
Garden Pest Control
Folks love gardening to connect with nature. So when our plants begin to look sad, we empathize. We negatively question our relationship with the ecosystem. Many gardeners have quit because of loss from poor soil, garden pests or disease. Neem and karanja oil are absolute miracle plant health care solutions to bugs eating plants. All garden pest managers should remember this if needed.
How to stop bugs from eating my plants
Sometimes it’s daunting to figure out how to stop bugs from eating your plants.
But if you read carefully, you’ll learn why natural organic garden pest control is easier than you may think.
Bug Killer For Plants
When I first started as turf & ornamental manager at a Beaverton pest control company. I didn’t have a whole lot of experience with insecticides or even what bugs eat plants. But I ended up inheriting an outdated 20th century pesticide spray program.
These customers signed up in the 80’s to have their yards power sprayed with insecticide & fungicide four times a year. They wanted ALL the bugs in their yard dead, not really knowing what that meant.
Fortunately, the 300 gallon spray truck broke down after just one or two of these terrifying treatments. It was a timely coincidence. I felt deep down synthetic pesticide sprays aren’t good for managing garden pests or keeping bugs from eating plants.
How to Stop Bugs Eating Plants
Shortly a twist of fate would rapidly improve my organic garden pest control insight. After all it was my job to know how to control any pathogen or bugs that are eating plants. There was much to learn about mites, moths, aphids, thrips, scales, leafminers, slugs, mealybugs, mildew, cankers, rusts, rots or spots.
Neem & Karanja Oils
One fateful day I went to lunch with a vendor of some new products. Imported from India. Particularly products containing neem oil and karanja oil. Neem oil answered my prayers. He explained how neem oil and karanja can affect almost any plant feeding insect, nematode, and many pathogenic fungal and bacterial species. Then he elaborated how neem oil and karanja oil help fertilize and keep nitrogen ready in the soil.
Insect Repellent For Plants
Both extracted neem oil and karanja oil have proven soil assisting and plant feeding insect repelling qualities. Neem oil can be a strong insect repellent for plants. Since neem oil repels honey bees it is mostly safe for them. In general they won’t come to feed on recently sprayed or treated flowers.
Rose Midge in the Portland International Rose Gardens
We had the incredible opportunity to test the power of neem & karanja oils at the Portland International Rose Gardens. The issue was a tiny, almost invisible fly like pest called Rose midge. A typical rose midge life cycle is:
- Adults are weak flyers which emerge from the soil in the spring and land close by.
- Then they lay their eggs inside a newly forming rose bud.
- Larvae then eat the yummy fresh growth of the inner rose flower while it is developing.
- This will cause it to rot before it can bloom.
Rose Pest Control
At the Portland International Rose Garden this is a major issue. Master gardeners have cultivated varieties of roses there for a century. Horticulture enthusiasts travel from every stretch of the globe to bask in the rose garden’s splendor. Rose tourism in Portland is particularly busy in late June through August.
Neem Oil for Rose Plants
We developed a complete integrated organic plant health program and pest management strategy. It was aggressive.
- We treated the foliage for rose midge & other bugs eating plants every five days,
- Then we drenched the root zone with a neem based product.
- We amended soil with kelp, malted barley, oyster shell, alfalfa, basalt rock dust, top quality vermicompost and mulch,
- Applied humic acid to foliage to boost nutrient absorption,
- And added liquid silica to create strong plant cell walls.
Organic Integrated Pest Management Success Story
By the end of the season, our organic IPM test plots showed 99% control. Nearby plots showed significantly greater rose midge damage. Interestingly those plots had already been treated with potent pesticides in the neonicotinoid class.
Still about half of the flowers were rotten, damaged from rose midge insect damage. Reactive treatments of neem oil on plots already infected with rose midge showed significantly less rotten rose buds.
Eco-friendly Garden Care.
Narural Garden Pest Control
We gardeners have a challenge. When our garden, trees & landscape health is failing and pests and bugs are eating plants, what do we do? Horticulture consultants and plant nursery professionals are often quick to recommend various fertilizers or pesticides. Too often we buy a product that turns out not to be the right solution. Then you’re stuck with a full bottle of some chemical or fertilizer you don’t necessarily need.
Natural Insecticide for Plants
Increasingly many organic gardeners are starting to leave even the all natural fertilizer & pesticide bottles on the store shelf. Bio-dynamic, regenerative, no-till organic ideologies are gaining popularity among organic food producers. Organic integrated pest managers are growing stronger, healthier & more productive plants. All that with an infinitely higher level of environmental safety than what we might call conventional agriculture practices.
Neem Oil vs. Karanja Oil
Sadly it doesn’t control rats and squirrels… or slugs. But if you have bugs or just about anything else eating your plant, consider trying neem or karanja cake. You can easily mix neem and karanja as a amendment into your raised garden beds, plant pots or planters. Conversely, sprinkle on top of your garden soil as a top dress to the root zone.
Karanja Oil for Plants
Karanja aka Pongame is a leguminous plant also native to India with properties strikingly similar to neem. It inhibits nitrification, can have active properties against plant pests and diseases and is traditionally used for medicinal purposes.
Karanja and Neem Cake for Pest Control
Sometimes organic farmers refer to crushed neem or karanja (pongame) seed hulls as “cake.” Neem and karanja cake make a great soil amendment in a 70/30 or 50/50 blend. Sprinkle karanja cake around the drip-line of your garden & perennial plants. Simply water in or mixed into the soil. You’ll notice the incredible synergistic results. This garden pest control boost will push vegetables, fruit trees, turfgrass, even shrubs & trees through the most intense plant feeding insect and pathogen pressures without using insecticide.
How Often Can I Apply Neem or Karanja Oil?
Use appropriate neem oil products about once a week for a month or two before the plant starts flowering. Very important: stop the neem applications at least two weeks before you suspect the earliest day your first flowering plant may blossom. This step will prevent any hazards of applying neem or karanja oil to honey bees and pollinators.
Where Does Neem Oil Come From?
Azadirachta indica, Nim, or Neem is a tree native to the Indian subcontinent. It’s basically Mother Earth’s secret alien technology. If you’ve ever worried about how to reduce spider mites, root aphids, thrips, white flies, weevils, mealybugs, moths, fungus gnats, leafminers, scales, nematodes, and even pathogen fungi and other disease-causing microbes, you’re in for a treat.
Neem Oil Active Ingredient
Azadirachtin, the most active ingredient in neem can actually be sucked up and transported through the plant. This and many other natural chemicals in neem can make ANY plant feeding insect unable to feed or reproduce. It’s also a strong all natural insect repellent for plants.
Will Neem Oil Kill Bees?
Although neem and karanja cake & oils may repel pollinators like honey bees when initially applied. Beware, neem oil may kill bees if they feed immediately after application. Plants transport azadirachtin systemically into the newly produced flower pollen. If applied improperly you may expose honey bees or other pollinators.
Is Neem Oil Safe For Bees?
Effective concentrations don’t last much longer than a few days to two weeks. Of course depending on the size of the plant and the environmental conditions.
So with well timed, pre bloom applications, you’ll stop bugs eating plants without killing bees.
How To Use Neem & Karanja Oil Safely Around Honey Bees
If you apply neem oil, neem cake or karanja then hold off well before the plant flowers.
- Anticipate and write down when the earliest flowering date of the plants you’d like to treat with neem.
- Count back two weeks from then.
- That is the latest day you should apply neem oil, neem cake, or karanja products to your garden for pollinator safety.
After flowers have bloomed and gone to seed, you can restart neem oil or cake treatments for garden vegetables, shrubs and trees.
Neem & Karanja Oil for Indoor Plants
For indoor plants and veggie starts, neem and/or karanja are strongly recommended to keep fungus gnats, fruit flies and other bad guys away. They also have lots of other good benefits in the soil like reducing nitrification, improving structure and increasing soil fertility.
Neem and Karanja Oil
If you’ve ever had plant feeding insects snack down on your precious plant babies, you’ll appreciate the power of neem and karanja oil. Witnessing the incredible results yourself. But always remember to keep neem and karanja oil sprays away from flowers & plants two weeks before flowering until the flowers transition to fruits. This double checks safety for honey bees and insect pollinators.
Neem and Karanja Cake
Granular neem cake and/or karanja cake is handy for this because you wont worry about a sudden gust of wind taking spray drift onto your wildflowers or flowering vegetables nearby.
Neem and Karanja Oil Pesticides
Important Note: Neem oil and karanja can have properties that may have active effects on plant feeding insects, mites, pathogenic fungi and nematodes. However there are only a few EPA registered neem insecticides, fungicides, acaricides or nematicides. Distributors, salespersons, retailers and service specialists may not advertise non-EPA registered neem or karanja products as an insecticide, fungicide, miticide or nematicide.
Try Neem and Karanja For Yourself
Don’t let this deter you. Have fun messing with neem cake as a soil amendment in the spring. Always consider the concert of organisms when making decisions about pest management out in the garden. If you’re unsure or have safety concerns, never hesitate to call the experienced professionals for Portland landscape & garden care specialist services.